Written by a group from Scotland who had experienced a similar tragedy 22 years earlier, the letter offered both a statement of solidarity and a vision for the future. Referring to their successful campaign for gun reform, the authors of the letter wrote: “Laws have been changed, handguns have been banned and levels of gun violence in Britain are now among the lowest in the world.” Since the Dunblane massacre in 1996, they have stressed that there have been no school shootings in the UK. Despite this new gun control law, gun deaths increased dramatically in the years that followed, before returning to normal. If we ban them, only criminals will have them. A firearms licence for a personal protective weapon will only be allowed if the Police of Northern Ireland considers that there is a “demonstrable specific risk” to a person`s life and that possession of a firearm is an appropriate, proportionate and necessary measure to protect their life.  Personal protection permits also allow the holder to carry hidden firearms. [ref. needed] Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom where personal protection is accepted as a legitimate ground for acquiring and possessing a firearm. British gun laws do not contribute to public safety and were not introduced for reasons of public safety.
For his part, Squires points out that target shooting and hunting in Britain have traditionally been hobbies of the “very rich, landowning” elite, from the royal family to rock stars to bankers. When the government began introducing stricter gun laws, he said, “deer stalkers and pheasant shooters were willing to sacrifice handguns because they feared that the push for reform would affect their freedom to shoot on their farms and land.” Manuel made a speech about the fact that he doesn`t want to talk about his son`s murder all the time, but he will continue to do so because he has to do it for something to change,” she recalled. “My speech about my sister was almost identical. The police will only issue a driver`s licence if they are satisfied that the applicant “does not present a danger to public safety or peace.” Licence holders can then purchase guns from gun stores. Every parent in Scotland can still remember March 13, 1996, with frightening details. My father picked me up too early from kindergarten, like parents across the country who felt something had fundamentally changed when news of the cold-blooded murder of children like his, whose safety had felt inalienable hours earlier, leaked out. Where Hungerford had caused a shock, Dunblane caused despair. While one man killed another group of adults on one afternoon, another shot almost an entire class of infants in minutes.
Marshall-Andrews attributes the success of the campaign to a number of factors. “It was done while it was still in people`s minds, and it had to be done by the families and victims who gave it credibility and broad support,” she said. “Our goal was ambitious, but easy to understand. It now seems to have happened quickly, but the change has been gradual. Anyone sentenced to three months to three years` imprisonment is automatically banned from possessing firearms (including air guns) and ammunition for five years from release. A person sentenced to more than three years is banned for life.  An application may be made to a court to lift these prohibitions, which is likely to result in convictions for offences unrelated to a person`s fitness to possess firearms. Similarly, individuals applying for a licence with serious and recent mental health issues will be denied a certificate. “It was a very difficult time,” recalls Gill Marshall-Andrews, a longtime gun control activist and president of the British gun control network, which she founded with the families of the victims after the Dunblane shooting. “We have received death threats; Counterfeit bombs were sent to our mailbox. Things changed after Dunblane, but it was a bumpy road to get there.
Magazines are considered a component in Northern Ireland and the holder of a firearms licence can only own firearms magazines listed on their certificate. From 2021, all magazines will have to appear on weapons certificates. This is in line with PSNI Firearms Division policy in accordance with the EU Weapons Directive. The FNIHP Firearms Directorate aims to clarify exactly how this will happen. Effective monitoring and enforcement of existing gun laws, as well as ambitious research efforts to identify drivers of mass violence, are as important as stricter regulations, the researchers say. “It`s not that instant thing where you take all the guns and stop the crimes committed with a gun,” Schildkraut notes. “It just doesn`t work that way.” About 57,000 people handed over 162,000 pistols and 700 tons of ammunition and related equipment, or 0.1 per cent of the population, or one in 960.  At that time, the CAF renewal cycle was five years, which meant that it would take six years to completely reduce the evidence of validity of the prohibitions on large calibre and .22 calibre handguns (since the certificates remained valid even if the holder had all of his firearms at his disposal). As of 31 December 1996, prior to the ban on small arms and light weapons, there were 133,600 CAF in England and Wales; by 31 December 1997, it had fallen to 131,900. By 31 December 2001, five years after the ban on large calibres, the number had fallen to 119,600 and the following year to 117,700.  This represents a net decrease of 24,200 allowances.
Comparable figures for Scotland show a net decrease of 5,841 allowances, from 32,053 to 26,212,, representing a net decrease in the UK of 30,041 in total. While the number of certificates in England and Wales increased each year after 2002 to 126 400 on 31 March 2005 (due to a change in the period considered), the number in Scotland remained relatively unchanged at 26 538 at 31 December 2005. Schildkraut and Squires are quick to point out that banning guns is not in itself a definitive solution to ending mass violence. On the same day as Sandy Hook, 23 children and an 85-year-old woman were injured in a stabbing attack on an elementary school in China that has some of the strictest gun control measures in the world. “The type of weapon certainly changes the outcome,” says Schildkraut, “but that doesn`t mean mass violence is impossible.” Existing laws also require a police home visit for new applicants to ensure they have the utmost confidence in a person`s ability to possess a weapon without risk to the public. Two credible referees for a firearm and one for a shotgun must be provided before a licence can be issued. More than 100,000 people in Northern Ireland (about 5.7% of the population) own firearms, including 380,000.  Gun control laws in Northern Ireland are less restrictive than gun laws in the United Kingdom in some areas because of the Good Friday Agreement, allowing Northern Ireland to govern itself and enact less restrictive laws. Gun laws in Northern Ireland are primarily affected by the Firearms (Northern Ireland) Order 2004. Any firearm with a muzzle energy greater than 1 joule must be registered on a firearms licence. Northern Ireland has a firearms licence and all firearms, regardless of type, are listed on that licence. Firearms laws in Scotland differ in some details from those in England and Wales, such as a permit required to possess most air rifles.
However, in terms of licenses, they are currently identical to England and Wales. [doubtful – discuss] A firearms licence is required for the purchase of firearms, and a separate certificate is required for shotguns.  The guiding legislation for firearms in Scotland is the Firearms (Scotland) Rules 1989 and the Firearms Act (1968). All handguns, semi-automatic rifles and rimfire shotguns are prohibited. Some pistols are allowed on a gun licence for exactly the same reasons as England and Wales. There are only 566 licensed handgun owners in Scotland.  British gun laws changed in the months following the 1996 Dunblane massacre, when a gunman killed 16 children and a teacher at a primary school near Stirling, Scotland. Private possession of most handguns has been banned throughout the country. “When school shootings happen in America, I see people very often talking about how we [immediately] implemented gun control after Dunblane,” Wilson said.
“This framing often overlooks context, meaning that gun control laws in the UK have required a lot of relentless campaigning from the families and loved ones of murdered children.” The police force is responsible for issuing weapons certificates to individuals and will do so only after their application has been evaluated by a team of specialized experts. A rigorous background check process has been carried out and the person meets the criteria set out in the national legislation of the Ministry of the Interior. This story had no foundation, but it developed a life of its own, went through years of class and became an urban legend. Such an erroneous assertion could only maintain dynamism and longevity because the Dunblane massacre, as it was called, remains quite unique in Scotland and Britain; As a result, there have been changes in the law, and to date, there has never been another school shooting. But while these changes are often described as quick and easy, activists and experts remember a much more difficult struggle. The fifth and final auxiliary right of the subject, which I will mention shortly, is to possess weapons for their defence, appropriate to their condition and degree and permitted by law.